- Evaluate the role of diverse groups (Jews, Salzburgers, Highland Scots, and Malcontents) in settling Georgia during the Trustee Period.
- Explain the transition of Georgia into a royal colony with regard to land ownership, slavery, alcohol, and government.
- Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced and traded in colonial Georgia.
Terms Directly Related to the Standards
- Royal period (colony)
- Trustee period
- Charter of 1732
- Highland Scots
- Mary Musgrove
- Oglethorpe, James
- Buffer colony
SSH82 Standard Areas Collections
(Area A) 1732 (copy recorded 1735) Royal Charter of the Colony of Georgia, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00774
Significance: This copy was recorded February 22, 1735, by the Secretary of the Province of South Carolina from a copy carried to Georgia by James Oglethorpe.
(Area A) Original Grantees of the Colony of Georgia under the Trustees, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00020
Significance: Bound in Colonial and Headright Grant Book A, 1755-1758. Grantees listed by ward and lot on pages 10-13.
(Defense) 1740. Military Strategies to defeat the Spanish, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00641 https://vault.georgiaarchives.org/digital/collection/adhoc/id/1005/rec/16
Significance: This document suggests strategies General James Oglethorpe and the British colonial troops could use to defeat the Spanish during the War of Jenkins Ear, 1739-1742, which was largely fought on the Georgia-Florida border.
(Defense) 1742. Account of the Battle of Bloody Marsh, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00634
Significance: This document recounts the Battle of Bloody March July 1742, in which British colonial troops under General James Oglethorpe defeated an attempted invasion by Spanish troops from Florida.
(Area B) 1773. Motion to prepare Address of Thanks to Georgia colonial Governor James
Wright for securing cession of lands from Creek and Cherokee Indians, Ad Hoc Collection,
Significance: Under the Royal Charter, acquisition of land from Native Americans.
(Area B) 1749. Proceedings Related to Mary Musgrove of the President and Assistants
Assembled for the Colony of Georgia, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00406
Significance: Mary Musgrove was the daughter of an English trader father and Creek Indian mother who served as an interpreter for James Oglethorpe. In 1742 she married her third husband the Rev. Thomas Bosomworth, who had been sent to the Colony of Georgia as a missionary. These excerpts from the “Proceedings of the President and Assistants Assembled for the Colony of Georgia” relate to Mrs. Bosomworth’s attempts from July 1749 through April 1751 to establish her claims to land near Savannah and three of the Sea Islands granted to her by the Creek chiefs Tomochichi and Malatchi, which British officials refused to recognize.
(Area D) 1755. Entry of Claims, Colony of Georgia, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00007
Significance: Colonists holding land granted by the Trustees had to submit their grants and receive new crown grants after Georgia became a royal colony in 1754.
(Area D) 1754. First Council Meeting of Governor John Reynolds, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00142
Significance: Record of the First Council Meeting of Governor John Reynolds at which the Governor presented his commission from King George II.
(Area D) 1754-1759. Journal of the Governor and Council, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00141
Significance: Record of Georgia’s first royal governor.
(Area D) 1754, First Council Meeting of Governor John Reynolds, Ad Hoc Collection, 00142
John Reynolds was Georgia’s first Royal Governor.
(Area D) 1754-01784, Proclamations issued by the governors of the Colony, and later the State, of Georgia, Ad Hoc Collection, vo1-3095
The proclamations recorded pertain to the General Assembly; general elections; collection of taxes; courts of justice; enforcement of quarantines; establishment of new counties; apprehension of criminals; Indian affairs; military affairs; runaway slaves; surveying and distribution of ceded lands; trade and shipping. The last royal proclamation by Governor Sir James Wright is on page 207; the first proclamation by the Archibald Bulloch, President of the Assembly and Commander in Chief, is on page 208.
(Area E) 1741. Transactions of the Trustees of Georgia, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00422
Significance: This volume, the third of the series and second extant volume, is organized into separate journals for each year from June 1741 through May 1744.
(Area E) Livestock brands, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00766
Livestock owners had to register the brands with which they marked their livestock with the Secretary of the Royal Colony of Georgia.
(Area E) 1761. John Palmer Estate Papers, Ad Hoc Collection, ah00013 https://vault.georgiaarchives.org/digital/collection/adhoc/id/200/rec/18
Significance: An example of goods used in colony.